Modern slavery


Modern slavery includes:

  • human trafficking
  • slavery
  • forced labour
  • forced domestic servitude

Victims of modern slavery are held against their will and forced into a life of abuse, inhumane treatment and servitude, which can include sexual exploitation. Victims are often unseen and unheard.

It can affect men, women and children of all races, cultures, nationalities and ages. Victims may be trafficked within the UK or to the UK from abroad.

They may be forced into slavery by organised crime groups. In many cases the first contact with a trafficker begins with the offer of an apparently legitimate job for which the victim travels willingly, not aware of what awaits them. Other individuals may be entered into slavery by their own families or through family connections, often for domestic servitude.

Go to GOV.UK: Modern slavery to find out more.

Criminal offence

Modern slavery is a crime

Human trafficking of victims includes their:

  • recruitment
  • transportation
  • transfer
  • harbouring
  • receipt

This can be for exploitation by means of:

  • force
  • the threat of force
  • coercion
  • abduction
  • fraud
  • deception
  • abuse of power
  • influencing a person that has control over another person

Exploitation includes:

  • prostitution
  • other forms of sexual exploitation
  • forced labour or services
  • slavery, or practices similar to slavery
  • servitude
  • the removal of organs